Blending and segmenting are important components of phonological awareness. In order to become proficient readers, it is critical that students are able to blend and segment words automatically. Check out these free activities for teaching blending and segmenting.
What is blending and segmenting?
Blending is when a student hears sounds individually and then puts them together to make a word. For example, the sounds /c/ – /a/ – /t/ would be blended into the word /cat/.
Segmenting is the opposite, the student takes a word and then identifies the individual sounds. For example, they would take the word /cat/ and say /c/ – /a/ – /t/
Teaching Blending and Segmenting
Here are two examples of the process that I used to introduce blending and segmenting with Google Slides.
- show the pictures /rain/ and /bow/
- say each word
- have the students repeat each word
- Model (then eventually ask) what the word is
- Students will say rainbow
- show the picture /rainbow/
- say the word
- have students repeat the word
- Model (then eventually ask) what the two parts are /rain/ /bow/
- Students will say /rain/ /bow/
Here are two quick videos showing the process:
Once students are solid using visuals, you can move onto manipulatives. There are so many different manipulatives that you can use but my go-to is basic colored cubes.
You can repeat the same steps listed above to blend and segment syllables. This time, have students touch the cubes when saying the word.
Click HERE for a list of compound words that you can use for this activity.
Using visuals models for blending and segmenting compound words helped students to understand the concept. Using manipulatives allowed them to practice with some support. Now it is time for students to show what they know and blend and segment orally! You can use the list of compound words provided above.
For blending, simply say the two words and students will tell you the compound word. For blending, say the compound word and students will tell you the two words!
Once students have mastered blending and segmenting syllables in compound words, you can move onto the individual sound (phoneme) level. You can use the same three easy steps to introduce blending and segmenting of words with 2 sounds, then 3 sounds, and so on and so forth!
Google Slides Freebie:
If you haven’t already grabbed a copy of the free Google Slides resources for blending and segmenting – click here
to grab yours now!
Here are three different word lists (all free) that you can use for these activities. They are broken up into words with 2, 3 and 4 sounds.
Guess My Word:
Guess My Word is a fun and engaging activity can be used to practice blending and segmenting words with 2, 3, and 4 sounds in a whole group or small group settings.
Self Checking Poke Cards
Poke cards are an independent and self-checking activity that students can use to practice certain skills. How Many Syllables[link] focuses on segmenting the syllables in word parts. How Many Sounds [link] focuses on segmenting the sounds in words.
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